What is cloud computing

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ABOUT

Well, if we think of the term “cloud” we picture a white/grey/black smoke moving in our atmosphere taking in water from different places along its path and pouring it elsewhere.
Well, the term “cloud” in our technical world is just slightly different.
Just like our regular “cloud” our cloud is used by many MNC’s for storing data processing it and accessing it from any place in the world through an online platform known as the internet.
Technical definition:
“Cloud Computing is a paradigm shift that provides computing over the internet.”
(Or)
“We can also define it as, using someone else’s serve’s host to store data and access it at will, without much active work for the user”

Who invented cloud computing?

Ans) The term Cloud Computing was the first noted companies internal document known as Compaq. Late it was popularized by amazon.com when they first launched an elastic compute cloud.

When was Cloud computing first invented?

Ans) It was invented in 1996, in an internal document of Compaq.

What is cloud computing?

Ans) Using someone else’s serve’s host to store data and access it at will, without much active work for the user.

where does cloud computing operate from?

Ans) it is operated through the medium of the internet.

where in the world can we access it from?

Ans) cloud computing is widely spread, network-based and used for storage. It can be accessed from anywhere in the world using a computer with an active internet and of course credentials.

Why do we need to use Cloud computing?
Ans)
− Cloud Computing generally refers to at data centers that are available for use (anyone who wants to use it), over the internet.
− Clouds can be used by one organization solely or multiple organizations.
− Cloud computing relies on sharing or resources to reduce costs on hardware every time a Company expands and to achieve a logical outcome.
− It helps the organization to get their applications up and running faster than usual when operated through a cloud.
− Cloud Computing requires less maintenance

TYPES OF CLOUD COMPUTING

There square measure 3 sorts of cloud computing:

− Software as a Service(SaaS):
SaaS is that the commonest kind of cloud computing. It delivers complete, user-ready applications over the net. These usually don't ought to be downloaded and put in on every individual user’s pc, saving technical employees millions of time. Maintenance and troubleshooting square measure handled entirely by the seller.
Software programs perform specific functions and square measure usually intuitive to use. Examples embrace Salesforce’s suite of client relationship management tools, Microsoft workplace 365 merchandise, Google Apps, QuickBooks, Dropbox, Zen desk, and Slack. These square measure absolutely purposeful productivity tools that may be custom to the users wants while not secret writing or programming. SaaS provides the best quantity of client support.

− Infrastructure as a Service(IaaS):
IaaS is that the most open-ended kind of cloud service for organizations that need to try to loads of customization themselves. the best good thing about IaaS is further capability, which may be accessed on demand for long or short wants. IaaS makes it potential for tech-savvy businesses to rent enterprise-grade IT resources and infrastructure to stay pace with growth, while not requiring giant capital investments.
With IaaS, a 3rd party hosts parts of infrastructure, like hardware, servers, firewalls, and storage capability. However, users usually bring their own in operation systems and middleware. A business that's developing a replacement product would possibly like better to use AN IaaS supplier to make a testing atmosphere before deploying the program in-house. purchasers usually access cloud servers through a dashboard or AN API. IaaS is absolutely self-service.

− Platform as a Service(PaaS):
PaaS provides the building blocks for computer code creation, together with development tools, code libraries, servers, programming environments, and preconfigured app parts. With PaaS, the seller takes care of back-end issues like

security, infrastructure, and information integration thus users will specialize in building, hosting, and testing apps quicker and at lower prices. With a platform like Salesforce, resources square measure standardized and consolidated thus you don’t ought to reinvent the wheel when you build a replacement app. Multiple developers will work on a similar project at the same time. In several cases, folks while not secret writing skills will produce problem-solving business applications with drag-and-drop page layouts, point-and-click field creation, and customizable news dashboards.

PUBLIC, PRIVATE, AND HYBRID CLOUDS:
There are many sorts of platform services.
Each PaaS choice is either public, private, or a hybrid mixture of the two.
Public PaaS is hosted within the cloud, and its infrastructure is managed by the supplier.
Private PaaS, on the opposite hand, is housed in onsite servers or personal networks and is maintained by the user.
Hybrid PaaS uses parts from each public and personal, and is capable of corporal punishment applications from multiple cloud infrastructures.

PaaS is any classified betting on whether or not it's open or closed supply, whether or not it's mobile compatible (PaaS), and what business sorts it caters to. Businesses are taking advantage of the latest PaaS capabilities to any source tasks that may have otherwise relied on native solutions. this is often all created attainable through advances in cloud computing.

EXAMPLES OF CLOUD COMPUTING:

Most shoppers and businesses area unit already victimization the cloud, whether or not they comprehend it or not. If you stream music, look on-line, have social media accounts, or use mobile banking, you victimization the cloud. As digital technologies grow ever a lot of powerful and out there, apps and cloud-based platforms have become nearly universally widespread. Here is a unit a number of the ways in which the cloud has reworked trendy life.

Entertainment — Movies and music that wont to take up area in cabinets or on shelves area unit currently accessed from afar through cloud-based streaming services like Netflix or Spotify.

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EXAMPLES OF CLOUD COMPUTING:

Most shoppers and businesses area unit already victimization the cloud, whether or not they comprehend it or not. If you stream music, look on-line, have social media accounts, or use mobile banking, your victimization the cloud. As digital technologies grow ever a lot of powerful and out there, apps and cloud-based platforms have become nearly universally widespread. Here is a unit a number of the ways in which the cloud has reworked trendy life.

Entertainment — Movies and music that wont to take up area in cabinets or on shelves area unit currently accessed from afar through cloud-based streaming services like Netflix or Spotify.

frequently. currently, they're ordinarily unbroken within the cloud (think of Google Docs and Dropbox), accessible from anyplace and recorded in real-time.

Mobile banking — Banks like Chase, Wells metropolis, and Bank of America all believe the cloud. Customers will transfer cash to co-workers in seconds from their mobile phones or take photos of checks and deposit them just about, while not ever setting foot in an exceedingly bank. Transactions area unit searchable, and statements area unit keep within the bank’s information, accessible on-demand, eliminating the requirement for paper files.

Customer relationship management — client relationship management (CRM) package allows businesses to alter communications with customers, manage leads, and fine-tune promoting efforts across departments. An intelligent package will send follow-ups like cart abandonment emails. each step of the client journey across all of a business’ touchpoints may be coupled, coordinated, and analyzed.

Human resources and payroll — once the cloud is employed for human resources functions, businesses see a rise in productivity and price blessings over businesses utilizing older technology. Recruiting, onboarding, and worker knowledge management area unit all a lot of economical. time unit groups will simply read resumes, type candidates, monitor performance, and access records with single-point trailing.

Accounting — Cloud-based accounting applications do most of a similar thing as desktop accounting package however they run on remote servers and area units accessed via the net. the advantages embrace integration across departments, therefore all stakeholders have access to instantly updated figures and projections. Cloud accounting applications contour knowledge entry, eliminate redundancy and cut back the possibility of errors.

Inventory management and supply — Ordering, stocking, selling, and delivering merchandise is way a lot of economical once inventory is managed with cloud-based applications. merchandise with barcodes may be scanned each step of the manner. Vendors, managers, and supply coordinators will see inventory levels and grasp wherever merchandise area unit in real-time. rearrangement may be machine-controlled.

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